What are the 5 Stages of Consciousness in Yoga?


Yoga is an ancient practice that goes far beyond physical poses. At its core, yoga is a path of spiritual growth and expanded consciousness. An important concept in yoga philosophy is the five kleshas or five stages of consciousness.

Understanding these five kleshas is key to progressing on the yogic path. As you advance in your practice, you can observe these different levels of consciousness firsthand. With dedicated practice, yoga helps you move through these stages to reach higher states of awareness.

So what exactly are the five kleshas or five stages of consciousness in yoga? Let's break it down.

The 5 Kleshas of Yoga Philosophy

The 5 Kleshas of Yoga Philosophy

The five kleshas are foundational concepts in traditional yoga philosophy. They are:

  1. Avidya - Ignorance
  2. Asmita - Egoism
  3. Raga - Attachment
  4. Dvesha - Aversion
  5. Abhinivesha - Fear of death

These five afflictions represent different levels of consciousness and sources of suffering. Yoga aims to help us transcend these limitations and find freedom.

Understanding the five kleshas gives us a map to explore the landscape of the mind. With this framework, we can investigate our own thoughts, habits, and patterns.

Stage 1: Avidya - Ignorance

Avidya translates to "ignorance" or "lack of wisdom." In yoga philosophy, avidya is the root klesha that gives rise to the others.

What exactly is avidya? It refers to a limited perspective and lack of understanding about our true nature. It is the inability to see past surface appearances and connect to our divine essence.

At the stage of avidya, we operate from a superficial level of awareness. We believe our identity comes from external factors like name, family, job, possessions, appearance, etc.

From this state of ignorance, we chase after the wrong sources of happiness. We constantly try to build up the ego and secure our limited identity.

The key to moving beyond avidya is gaining wisdom about our true Self. Yoga and meditation help remove this veil of ignorance.

Stage 2: Asmita - Egoism

Asmita refers to the affliction of egoism. At this stage, we strongly identify with the "I-ness" or sense of self.

When the ego is disturbed or threatened, we react with intense emotions. We crave positive reinforcement to feel good about ourselves.

Practicing humility and witnessing awareness helps us detach from ego-identification. As we recognize our divine nature, we become less tied to worldly validation.

Yoga poses that cultivate surrender and inner strength also dismantle the ego. By remembering we are spiritual beings on a human journey, we rise above egoic demands.

Stage 3: Raga - Attachment

The third klesha is raga or attachment. At this stage, we cling to objects, experiences, and people, hoping they will bring lasting fulfillment.

However, nothing external can satisfy the soul. So our attachments continuously lead to disappointment and suffering.

In yoga philosophy, liberation arises when we withdraw attention from external objects. The more we meditate on the divine Self, the less we depend on worldly attachments.

Cultivating non-attachment or vairagya is a pivotal practice on the yogic path. Releasing attachments allows us to live fully in the present moment.

Stage 4: Dvesha - Aversion

The fourth klesha is dvesha or aversion. This is the flip side of attachment.

At this stage, we are controlled by strong dislikes, hatreds, and fears. We reject unpleasant experiences and push away "negative" emotions.

This creates an endless cycle of running after pleasure and avoiding pain. Dvesha leads to immense struggle and toxicity.

Yoga teaches us to embrace all experiences with equanimity. By practicing non-judgement, we find balance.

Seeing life as an impartial witness liberates us from the grip of aversion. We open up to the perfection of what is, right here and now.

Stage 5: Abhinivesha - Fear of Death

The last klesha is abhinivesha, which is fear of death. At this stage, we are absolutely terrified at the thought of death and mortality.

To cope with this fear, we constantly cling to worldly life. We crave ever-lasting youth, permanence, and immortality.

At its core, abhinivesha stems from identifying with the limited body and mind. From a spiritual perspective, our true essence is the eternal soul.

By meditating on this infinite and immortal Self, we can overcome the fear of death. Understanding our temporary physical form is just one phase of life’s journey brings liberation.

Progressing Through the 5 Kleshas

We all move through the five kleshas at different rhythms. There is no straight linear progression from one stage to the next.

You may find certain kleshas arise more strongly at different times due to life circumstances. The layers also intermingle in complex ways.

However, through regular yoga practice and self-study, you can gradually unwind negative habits of thinking and being.

When challenging emotions come up, remember the kleshas. Name what’s arising, meet it with compassion, and come back to your center.

Over time, your understanding will deepen. You will rely less on external validation, become less judgmental, react with less anger or anxiety.

Moments of stillness and joy will come more frequently from within. You will feel more connected to your true Self.

How Yoga Helps Move Through the 5 Kleshas

The purpose of yoga is to burn through this veil of kleshas and uncover our natural state of peace and wholeness. There are many tools in the yoga toolbox to help us through this journey. Here are some of the most powerful ones:

Asana - Yoga Poses

The practice of physical yoga poses or asana is extremely effective for working through the five kleshas. Asanas help purify the mind-body system and cultivate awareness.

Here are some examples of how asana addresses each affliction:

  • Avidya - Poses that build focus and mindfulness. Holding challenging balances calls us into the present moment.
  • Asmita - Humbling postures that access inner strength vs ego. Poses like Child's Pose teach surrender.
  • Raga - Flow sequences that require non-attachment. Vinyasa requires continually letting go.
  • Dvesha - Practicing awareness of judgmental thoughts that arise about poses or body sensations.
  • Abhinivesha - Poses that require courage and self-acceptance like backbends and arm balances.

Pranayama - Breathwork

Pranayama is the practice of controlling the breath to influence energy and the mind. As we steady the breath, we steady the mind and expand consciousness.

Deep yogic breathing increases awareness and groundedness. The breath is always available as the perfect anchor when kleshas arise.

Pratyahara - Withdrawing the Senses

Pratyahara is the inward-directed practice of withdrawing attention from external sensory stimulation. It allows us to sit quietly with ourselves.

By turning off the constant input of information, entertainment, and noise, we can drop into deeper states of meditation.

Dharana - Concentration

Dharana means focused concentration and single-pointed awareness. The practice develops a laser-like ability to pay attention.

This level of concentration removes distractions and dullness, revealing our luminous inner nature.

Dhyana - Meditation

Dhyana refers to deep meditation or absorption. In meditation, we transcend our limited ego-mind to experience higher states of consciousness.

By repeatedly entering this profound stillness, we reorient ourselves to the freedom and bliss of the Self.

Samadhi - Oneness

Samadhi is the pure bliss of unity consciousness. In this state, we shed all illusions of separation and merge with the sacred source.

Every moment here uncovers deep truths about our interconnectedness. This is yoga’s highest aim.

Yoga Offers Freedom From the 5 Kleshas

The kleshas illuminate why human life is filled with so much suffering and imbalance. By following the eight-limbed path of yoga, we cultivate the wisdom and equanimity to rise above these pitfalls.

The journey requires courage, compassion, and devotion to our own inner light. When we dig deep to find truth and act from this place of authenticity, we inspire those around us.

As more people wake up, we create a positive ripple effect of consciousness. May we all find freedom from the kleshas and infuse this world with the light of yoga!

A Brief Mention of CBD and Its Benefits

As we explore expanded consciousness through yoga, some practitioners find cannabis and CBD helpful complements.

CBD is one of the active compounds found in the cannabis plant. It offers potential therapeutic effects without causing intoxication.

CBD is sold in various forms including cbd oils, tinctures, cbd capsules, topicals, gummies, and more. It’s important to buy high-quality CBD from trusted brands.

When used mindfully, CBD oil can support inner peace between yoga sessions. However, developing consciousness ultimately comes from within. No external substance can do the work for you!

Consistent yoga practice illuminates the way to freedom and bliss. By progressing through the kleshas, we come home to our true nature beyond all limitations. This is the jewel we are seeking.

The kleshas are a pivotal concept in yogic philosophy. Below are detailed answers to common questions about these five afflictions that limit awareness. Understanding the kleshas provides a roadmap to evolve consciousness through yoga.

What are the 5 kleshas?

The five kleshas as outlined in ancient yoga texts are:

  • Avidya - Ignorance, lack of wisdom
  • Asmita - Egoism, I-ness
  • Raga - Attachment
  • Dvesha - Aversion, resistance
  • Abhinivesha - Fear of death

These represent the obstacles to perceiving reality clearly. Yoga provides tools to overcome the kleshas and unlock higher states of being.

How do the 5 kleshas relate to the mind?

The kleshas reflect patterns of the mind that filter our perception and distort reality. For instance, the ego projects our fears and desires onto the world. Attachment causes us to cling to certain ideas about how things “should” be. Aversion makes us push away unwanted experiences.

When these afflictions arise, we get stuck in limited frameworks of thinking. The kleshas keep our consciousness confined, preventing us from seeing clearly. Yoga aims to unravel negative mental habits through practices like meditation.

What causes the 5 kleshas to arise?

On a basic level, the kleshas stem from the illusion of separation. When we forget our divine nature, we lose touch with the perfection of the present moment.

We mistakenly believe happiness comes from external sources. So we constantly chase after material things and relationships. When unavoidable change happens, we experience fear and suffering.

The kleshas also have roots in childhood experiences that informed our perspective of the world. Unhealed emotional wounds can engrain these harmful patterns over time.

How do the kleshas lead to suffering?

The kleshas plant seeds of suffering in a few key ways:

  • They distort reality and keep us trapped in illusion
  • They prevent us from living fully in the moment
  • They lead to chasing unfulfilling desires
  • They create cycles of negative emotional reactivity
  • They separate us from inner peace and joy

This suffering persists until we inquiry deeply to become aware of the root kleshas. We must then cultivate new mental habits through spiritual practice.

What is the relationship between the 5 kleshas?

The kleshas are interconnected. Avidya, or ignorance about our true nature, gives rise to the other afflictions.

Asmita stems from a superficial sense of self, which leads to raga (attachment) and dvesha (aversion) as we chase pleasure and reject pain.

Abhinivesha (fear of death) comes from the threat to this limited ego. Progress on the yogic path involves unraveling the layers to reveal Truth.

How can I observe the 5 kleshas in my life?

Start by learning the key attributes of each klesha. When you notice thoughts, emotions or behaviors related to ignorance, egoism, attachment, aversion or fear, name the affliction.

Examine when and how the klesha distorts your thinking. How does it impact your speech and actions? What suffering or conflict does it create?

Over time, this awareness breaks down habitual thought patterns to reveal deeper wisdom. It may be uncomfortable at first but leads to freedom.

What is the purpose of the 5 kleshas in yoga?

The kleshas provide a framework to understand the workings of human consciousness. They explain the causes behind suffering and unwholesome actions.

This map guides yogic self-inquiry and growth. We cultivate compassion for these tendencies as part of the universal human experience. By examining our own minds, we progress towards clarity.

How can yoga help overcome the 5 kleshas?

The eight-limbed path of yoga offers many tools to transform consciousness and end suffering.

For instance, meditation develops insight to pierce through misperceptions. Asana makes us more present and detached. Pratyahara withdraws attention inward. Dharana builds concentration amidst distractions.

Chanting sutras repatterns the mind. Acts of service reduce egoism. Our outlook evolves stage by stage with dedicated practice.

What happens when you transcend the 5 kleshas?

As the hold of the kleshas weakens, we align with our divine essence more frequently. We unconditionally accept all experiences while remaining centered.

External events no longer control our inner state. We see reality clearly and act from wisdom. Misidentification with ego dissolves.

Peace, joy and unity expand naturally. We serve the highest good instead of personal desires. This is the ultimate aim of classical yoga.

Are kleshas bad or harmful?

The kleshas are not inherently bad, just manifestations of unconsciousness present to some degree in all humans. As we awaken, we learn to compassionately work with these limiting energies while honoring their purpose.

Suppressing difficulties often backfires. We must meet the kleshas with openness and patience for skillful transformation to unfold. This understanding prevents harsh self-judgment.

Can you completely destroy the 5 kleshas?

Classical yogic wisdom says we can fully uproot the afflictions through dedicated practice over time. However, modern psychology offers a more nuanced view.

We may be able to unwind the kleshas enough that they no longer control our lives or cause suffering. But patterns ingrained over decades can’t disappear overnight, if ever.

The goal is not perfection but increasing awareness. With mindfulness, even deep-seated kleshas have little influence over our thoughts, words and actions.

Are the kleshas universal or personal?

The five kleshas reflect tendencies hardwired into the human condition. We all experience avidya, asmita, raga, dvesha and abhinivesha to varying degrees.

But how the kleshas manifest specifically depends on our individual psyche and life experiences. For instance, we may be more prone to certain afflictions like attachment or aversion.

Personal awareness and effort is required to observe how the kleshas operate uniquely through us. Active self-inquiry allows us to uncover these subtle dynamics.

Can I work through the kleshas alone or do I need a teacher?

It is possible to explore the kleshas independently through mindfulness, self-reflection and consistent yoga practice. However, a skilled teacher can provide invaluable guidance.

An experienced instructor will notice klesha patterns you miss and offer feedback. Learning yoga philosophy provides essential understanding of the map. Interaction with a community also boosts evolution.

That said, no one can do the work for you. Regular individual practice is indispensable for transforming consciousness. Outer support complements inner effort.

How can I share what I've learned to help others struggling with kleshas?

The greatest way to help others is to keep growing in awareness yourself. When you embody peace and freedom, people are inspired.

You can explain the basic klesha framework and how yoga helps. Share practices that have worked for you. But the journey is different for each person.

Meet people where they are with compassion. Don’t judge their pace or impose “solutions”. Your equanimity is contagious and uplifting.


Yoga philosophy describes 5 kleshas or afflictions that limit awareness: avidya (ignorance), asmita (ego), raga (attachment), dvesha (aversion), and abhinivesha (fear of death). These unconscious patterns cause suffering by distorting reality, amplifying egoic desires, and creating reactivity. Avidya, or lack of self-knowledge, underlies the other kleshas. Yoga offers practices like meditation, self-inquiry, breathwork, and mantra to unwind negative mental habits and transcend the kleshas. With dedicated sadhana, we can achieve higher states of being beyond these obstacles. However, the kleshas are not ‘bad’ or to be suppressed. They are innate human tendencies that we must meet with compassion. While classical yoga says we can fully uproot the kleshas, modern psychology suggests we may only diminish their influence through mindfulness. Either way, increased awareness allows us to progress spiritually and act from wisdom. The journey requires active effort yet acceptance of where we currently are.

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